If a person experience any forceful contact to the head, and it disrupts the brain’s natural functions, then they’ve experienced a traumatic brain injury, or TBI (often only referred to as brain injury). TBI is an umbrella term that spans a wide continuum of symptoms and severity, thus no two traumatic brain injuries have the same consequences and results.
The Glasgow Coma Scale is used at various points following an injury to assess the consciousness, responsiveness and receptive skills of the patient. It is used to measure the severity of a brain injury which indicates the extent of damage to the brain. Brain injury is commonly rated at three levels – mild, moderate and severe. Often, the devastating effects of a brain injury are not fully understood until after the patient has completed medical treatment in an ICU and has entered into rehabilitation.
When a brain injury occurs, anything having to do with your brain is potentially affected. The effects of a brain injury can be extremely widespread, impacting all areas of a person’s life. That means basic body functions, like eating and sleeping, can be altered. It also means that the complex parts of your life — your emotions, your thoughts, and your ability to communicate — can also be disrupted.